THE COLLIE DOG
The muzzle must be of reasonable length, tapering to the nose, and must not show weakness or become snipy or lippy. No matter the colour of the dog may be, the nose has to be black. Your teeth must be of good size, level and sound; very slight unevenness is permissible. The jaws sterile cut and strong. The eyes are an essential characteristic, and give expression to the dog; they ought to be of medium size, set somewhat obliquely, of almond shape, and of a brownish colour except in the case of merles, once the eyes are often (one or both) blue and white or china; saying full of intelligence, with a fast alert look when listening. The ears should be small and moderately wide at the base, and placed not too close together but towards the top of the skull rather than on the face of the head.
The neck ought to be muscular, powerful and of fair length, and somewhat arched. The body ought to be strong, with well sprung ribs, chest deep, fairly broad behind the shoulders, which ought to be sloped, loins quite powerful. The dog should be straight ahead. The fore-legs should be straight and muscular, neither in nor out at elbows, with a reasonable amount of bonethe fascia somewhat fleshy, the pasterns showing flexibility . The hind-legs ought to be muscular at the thighs, clean and sinewy below the hocks, with well bent stifles. The toes should be oval in shape, soles well padded, and the toes arched and close together.
Little is known with certainty of the origin of this Collie, but his cunning and his external appearance would appear to indicate a connection with the wild dog. Buffon was of opinion he was the true dog of character, the inventory and model of the entire canine species. He considered the Sheepdog superior in wisdom and instinct to other strains, which, with a character in which education has relatively small share, he is the only animal born perfectly trained for the service of man.
The Collie puppy houses makes a great athletic dog, and can be trained to do the work of the Pointer and the Setter, as well as the Water Spaniel and the Retriever. He can be trained to perform the duties of other strains. He's clever at hunting, having an superb nose, is a fantastic vermin-killer, and a most faithful watch, shield, and companion.
In the shows this kind of dog is invariably on peak of the class. He's thought to be the most tractable, and is certainly the very agile. Second to this kind in favour is the smooth-coated selection, a very hard, useful dog, well adapted for hill work and usually very fleet of foot. He is not so sweet in temper because the black and white, and is slow to make friends. There isn't a more graceful and physically beautiful dog to be seen compared to show Collie of the present period. Produced from the old working type, he's now practically a distinct breed.
There should only be a small depression at stop. The width of skull depends upon upon combined length of skull and muzzle; and the whole must be considered in connection with the size of the dog. The cheek should not be complete or notable.
Generally personality he's a lithe active puppy, his deep chest revealing lung power, his neck strength, his sloping shoulders and bent hocks indicating pace, and his saying high intelligence. In a couple of words, a Collie must show endurance, activity, and intellect, with free and true activity. In height puppies ought to be 22 ins. To 24 ins. At the back, bitches 20 inches. To 22 ins. The burden for dogs is 45 to 65 lbs., bitches 40 to 55 lbs. The smooth collie only differs from the coarse in its coat, which should be hard, compact and quite smooth.